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What Is A Depreciation Journal Entry

Depreciation Journal Entry

Perform pre-consolidation, group-level analysis in real-time with efficient, end-to-end transparency and traceability. Reduce risk and save time by automating workflows to provide more timely insights. “Depreciation account” is credited to transfer depreciation into the P&L account. Sometimes referred to as PPE (Property, Plant & Equipment), they are physical items held for use to operate a business.

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Calculating and recording depreciation is important

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Depreciation Journal Entry

When used properly, journaling depreciation can help businesses save money and maximize their assets. The purpose of the journal entry for depreciation is to achieve the matching principle. In each accounting period, part of the cost of certain assets (equipment, building, vehicle, etc.) will be moved from the balance sheet to depreciation expense on the income statement. The goal is to match the cost of the asset to the revenues in the accounting periods in which the asset is being used. Depreciation expense is recorded on the income statement as an expense or debit, reducing net income.

Definition of Journal Entry for Depreciation

Each year when the accumulated depreciation journal entry is recorded, the accumulated depreciation account is increased. Journal entries examples of depreciation will be advantageous to understand accounting aspect of depreciation. Depreciation is the loss due to decrease in the value of any fixed asset.

  • Managing depreciation can feel overwhelming for inexperienced accountants and bookkeepers.
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  • We faced problems while connecting to the server or receiving data from the server.
  • Consult your accountant about how to compute depreciation.
  • K & Co. purchased furniture costing $2,500 on 1 January 2016.

This frees up cash that can be used for other purposes. Depreciation expense reduces taxable income, as it is an expense that is deducted from revenue. In other words, it reduces the amount of income that a company has to pay taxes on.


To see how the calculations work, let’s use the earlier example of the company that buys equipment for $50,000, sets the salvage value at $2,000 and useful life at 15 years. The estimate for units to be produced over Depreciation Journal Entry the asset’s lifespan is 100,000. The four methods allowed by generally accepted accounting principles are the aforementioned straight-line, declining balance, sum-of-the-years’ digits , and units of production.

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  • In other words, this is a part of the machine cost that can be depreciated.
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  • If so, you probably need to make an adjusting entry in your general journal to properly account for the sale.
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B) Depreciation account will be credit because with this depreciation account will be closed. Please do not create doubt about showing depreciation loss in credit side. This entry is the part of closing of accounts at the end of year. The matching principle requires all revenue and related expenses to be recorded in the same accounting period when the transaction occurs, regardless of when money changes hands.

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